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Wine from Burgenland

Austria’s Burgenland has the Brightest Wine Future

Burgenland, which lies in the easternmost part of Austria, is known to be the least populous state in the country.

This least populous state is found to be more popular for its wines.

Most of the wine lovers should be aware of this large wine region of Austria, which is famous for its richer and full-bodied red wines.

According to the wine experts, of all the wine regions in Austria, the most exciting innovations are stepping out from Burgenland and hence, they predict that the wine future looks bright in this wine land.

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Now, let’s see more about this significant wine region here…

Geography and Landscape of Burgenland

In Austria, Burgenland is found to be the most varied wine region, which occupies a narrow strip of land running from the Danube River down to Steiermark.

On the eastern side, the region is bordered by Hungary and to its west rests the foothills of the Mount Alps.

If Steiermark is kept aside, this region will be among the country’s southernmost wine regions.

When topographically seen, the Burgenland is more in-line with the neighboring country (Hungary) than with the rest of Austria.

Climate and Soils in Burgenland

In terms of climate, Burgenland is found to be experiencing sunny, continental types of summers.

This continental warmth that is being experienced by the region also extends into the western and southern parts of the region, where the foothills of the Alps have a larger influence on the terroir.

A greater amount of humidity is being created by the larger lake bodies along with several small, shallow lakes naturally here.

This effect encourages the development of noble rot during the autumn, thereby, supporting the production of dessert wines here.

In terms of soils, the east-facing slopes primarily consist of limestone and slate, thereby, creating a distinctive terroir for the cultivation of signature Blaufränkisch and other complex white varieties.

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Viticultural Activities in Burgenland

The viticultural activities in Burgenland can be best understood by learning about the sub-regions of the state.

The sub-regions of Burgenland include the following:

Neusiedlersee

This is the most important spot for sweet white wines and is named after the Lake Neusiedl that dominates the region.

As mentioned earlier, this large water body is partially responsible for the noble rot infections every year that make wines sweet enough to qualify as Beerenauslesen and Trockenbeerenauslesen.

This means that the botrytised dessert wines can be easily produced and hence, can be sold cheaply here.

The wine producers in this region have shown that this region is capable of producing rich, spicy red wines, as well as sweet wines.

The grape varieties that perform well in this region are:

  • Weissburgunder
  • Traminer
  • Scheurebe
  • Chardonnay
  • Welschriesling

Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

This represents the hill country that is located to the west of the Lake Neusiedl.

This sub-region of Burgenland is found to be offering a variety of terrains, which is reflecting in the variety of grape varieties and wine styles being produced here.

Although the region’s wines are more or less similar to those that are produced in Neusiedlersee, the most popular wine here is the Ruster Ausbruch dessert wine, which is being produced in the western shore of the lake.

Mittelburgenland

This sub-region is found to be the southern continuation of the forested mountains to the west of the Neusiedlersee.

This region is otherwise called as Blaufränkischland to reflect the dominant grape variety of the region, Blaufränkisch.

This is the only red wine DAC in Burgenland and thus, makes this sub-region the most celebrated red wine district in Austria.

The other varieties that perform well here are:

  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Zweigelt
  • St. Laurent

Südburgenland

This sub-region is well-known for its refreshing Blaufränkisch wines from the rich soils of Eisenberg DAC.

The iron-rich soils in the zone are also responsible for few other wine specialties here.

One such specialty is the Uhudler wine that is made from the following North American species:

  • Isabella
  • Concord
  • Delaware
  • Noah
  • Elvira
  • Ripadella

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Author

Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam

Winewriter

I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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