Anjou Wine Region
Within the region, we can find that there are several AOCs thereby being responsible for the production of a wide variety of wines.
History of Winemaking in Anjou Wine Region
We can say that the history of winemaking in Anjou wine region was started with the arrival of the Chenin Blanc grape variety during the 9th century.
The first plants of this variety were planted in the vineyards belonged to Glanfeuil Abbey just south of Angers.
This grape variety remains a major variety even now and the crispy Chenin Blanc of Savennieres is particularly popular among the wine lovers from across the globe.
We can see that the dry red wines were representing only a small percentage of this region’s winemaking in most parts of the history.
In Anjou, the sweet wine production was first introduced by the Dutch traders during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Today, the region is producing almost all styles of wines like:
A Brief Look at the AOCs of Anjou
As I mentioned earlier, the Anjou wine region has several AOCs within it.
We can now look at the list of major appellations here:
- Anjou-Villages Brissac
- Cabernet dAnjou
- Rosé dAnjou
- Savennières Coulée-de-Serrant
- Savennières Roche-Aux-Moines
- Anjou Coteaux de la Loire
- Coteaux de lAubance
- Coteaux du Layon
- Coteaux du Layon Villages
In addition to the above-mentioned major AOCs, there are some other AOCs too.
- Anjou Gamay
- Anjou Mousseux
- Anjou Pétillant
It is to be noted that Anjou AOC is a district-wide generic appellation and is covering the red, white, and sparkling wines but not still rosé wines.
Viticulture and Winemaking in Anjou
As I said above, Chenin Blanc is one the two major grape varieties of the region with the other one being the Cabernet Franc variety.
The sweet wine range that is being produced from Chenin Blanc is particularly special and they are found to be one of the most luxurious sweet wines from France.
We could observe that these sweet wines are coming with the honeyed floral nose with the flavours of tropical fruit.
The vineyards of Chenin blanc vines are found to be planted on mineral-rich schist on the steeper slopes that are facing south/southwest.
Thus, these are receiving the maximum amount of light, as well as the warmth in autumn. These factors are really essential for the growth of the microorganism botrytis cynerea which in turn is needed for the production of the finest sweet wines.
Other Grape Varieties of the Region
In Anjou wine region, the wines are often fermented at lower temperatures with the fermentation periods for sweet wines extending up to two full months.
Depending on the sweetness, the alcohol levels in these wines would range from 12 to 14%.
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