Wines from Pessac-Léognan
Another Prestigious Appellation of Bordeaux
Pessac-Léognan, which is an AOC wine region of Bordeaux, is described as one of the most prestigious appellations of this world-famous wine region.
Although this is found to be a relatively new appellation in Bordeaux, this part has gained a lot of reputation for its high-quality red and white wines.
Brief History of Pessac-Léognan AOC
This prestigious AOC of today was a part of the appellation called Graves in the past.
The Graves appellation was the one which was dominating the wine production in Bordeaux during those days.
We could learn that both the red, as well as the white wines that were produced in Graves had a great global reputation in the past for their flavours, minerals, structure, and heaviness.
As this appellation was oversized when compared to others, this was split into two sub-appellations. They are namely Graves AOC and Pessac-Léognan AOC.
Of these, the Pessac-Léognan AOC includes almost all the superior quality châteaux of Graves. Fortunately, all these châteaux were located in the western villages of the larger Graves and these constitute the Pessac-Léognan now.
Geography, Climate, and Viticulture in Pessac-Léognan
In total, the region is found to be having almost 1580 hectares under vine cultivation and similar to all the other appellation of Bordeaux, this AOC is also having a unique terroir.
We can see that this AOC region is hotter than other appellations.
Here, the vineyards are planted on the sloping hillsides at the elevations of 3 to 27 meters above the sea level.
In general, the red wine grapes are being planted in the terroir with larger deposits of gravels, quartz, and pebbles, whereas, the white wine grapes are being planted in the terroir with clay and limestone contents.
When it comes to climatic conditions, we can observe that the region is sharing the similarities with another AOC called Médoc.
Each of the ten communes within the Pessac-Léognan is found to be experiencing varying temperatures, thereby creating the variations in the ripeness, alcohol levels, and harvesting dates.
At the same time, we can also find some white wines which need to be enjoyed young here.
In general, the dry white wines from this region are found to be pale, straw-yellow coloured and are most often subtle and aromatic.
Also, these wines are found to be complex and full-bodied with freshness. On the other hand, the red wines are found to be bright crimson-coloured and are mostly full-bodied with fruity aromas.
Wine Grapes of Pessac-Léognan
The major grape varieties of this AOC are as follows:
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Cabernet Franc
- Petit Verdot
- Sauvignon blanc
- Sauvignon Gris
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