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Provence Wine Region

Tasting the Exotic Rosé Wines from Provence

Provence, which is lying in the south-eastern corner of France, is an important winemaking region of the country well-known for its range of rosé wines among the wine lovers.

This region is located just south of the Mount Alps. The history of winemaking in Provence can be dated back to 600 B.C.

Yes, this region has a historical connection with viticulture and winemaking and hence, there shouldn’t be any doubt about the quality of wines produced here.

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Now, let’s have a brief look at the wines from this French wine region here…

Factors Influencing Viticulture in Provence

The vineyards of this region are enjoying the Mediterranean type of climate.

They are receiving almost 3000 sunshine hours in a year with an average temperature of about 14.5 degrees Celsius.

These conditions coupled with longer and drier summers are offering the vine growers the perfect harvest conditions when at the same time eliminating their worries about rot and grape diseases.

In addition, the strong mistral winds are further decreasing the incidence of fungal diseases here.

Thus, we can say that Provence is perfect for vine cultivation when considered climate-wise. When it comes to soil, we can find varied types of soil here.

Therefore, we can’t generalize the soil types of the whole Provence region although most of the areas are found to have deposits of:

  • Limestone
  • Shale
  • Schist
  • Quartz
  • Clay
  • Sandstone

It can be said that this difference in soil types is the major factor for the different wine styles produced in this region thus leading several appellations.

Wine Regions and Appellations in Provence

As mentioned above, the region has several AOC wine regions along with some sub-appellations

In addition to these appellations, this region has many vin de pays designations too!

Below are the appellations of Provence for your reference.

List of AOCs in Provence:

  • Côtes de Provence AOC
  • Coteaux d’Aix-en-Provence AOC
  • Les Baux-de-Provence AOC
  • Bandol AOC
  • Cassis AOC
  • Coteaux Varois AOC
  • Bellet AOC
  • Coteaux de Pierrevert AOC
  • Palette AOC

List of Sub-Appellations in Provence

  • Fréjus
  • La Londe
  • Pierrefeu
  • Montagne Sainte-Victoire

Of all these appellations, the ‘Côtes de Provence’ is found to be the largest with more than 49,500 acres of land under vine cultivation.

The second-largest AOC is the ‘Coteaux d’Aix-en-Provence’ with more than 9900 acres of vineyards.

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Major Grape Varieties of Provence

Currently, the rosé wines are representing more than half of the total wine production in the region and the major grape variety used for the production of rosé and red wines is Mourvèdre.

This particular grape variety is found to have higher alcohol and tannin contents and is known to have richer aromas of berries.

In the process of winemaking in Provence, this grape variety is often found to be blended with other grape varieties like:

  • Grenache
  • Cinsault
  • Tibourer
  • Carignan

Apart from these grape varieties, some other grape varieties also are used for the production of red and rosé wines in Provence. They are:

  • Syrah
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Braquet
  • Folle
  • Counoise
  • Muscardin
  • Terret Noir
  • Vaccarèse

Although this region is more popular for rosé wines, white wines can also be seen here.

The key grape variety used for producing white wine is ‘Vermentino’. This is a hard grape which is known to give the aromas of pear and citrus.

The other white grape varieties found in the Provence wine region are:

  • Clairette
  • Ugni Blanc
  • Semillion
  • Bourboulenc
  • Grenache Blanc
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Marsanne
  • Spagnol
  • Mayorquin
  • Pignero
  • Picpoul
  • Muscat

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Author

Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam

Winewriter

I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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