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Wines from Georgia

Among the Oldest Wine Countries of the World

Georgia is among the oldest wine countries of the world. Yes, I am speaking about the Eurasian nation, not the U.S. state.

The history of winemaking in Georgia can be dated back to more than 8000 years ago.

Due to this long winemaking history and its role in the country’s economy, the wines have become almost inseparable from Georgia.

A special thing that I can note about Georgia’s wine industry is that the early winemaking traditions are still prevalent in the country, although some winds of political changes have disrupted them.

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Let’s see more about the viticulture in Georgia here…

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Remember to read the Wine Tasting guide…

Past and Present of Viticulture in Georgia

It is widely believed that viticulture and winemaking first began in the Caucasian region (now Georgia) some 8000 years ago.

As per the archaeological evidence, the inhabitants of the Caucasian region have been cultivating, as well as fermenting the grapes into primordial forms of wines.

These winemaking practices were followed for thousands of years. When the country officially declared its independence from the Soviet Union, there were some political tensions, which affected the wine production too.

During the year 2006, a Russia embargo was placed on Georgian wines, which was lifted only in the year 2013.

It’s to be noted that before the independence, a significant portion of the Soviet Union’s wines was produced in Georgia and hence, Russia turned out to be a key export market post-independence.

Today, Georgia represents the second-largest wine producer in the ex-Soviet Union only followed by Moldova.

Currently, the wine production in the country is exceeding 15.8 million wine bottles per year.
The major export markets of Georgian wines are:

  • Ukraine
  • Kazakhstan
  • Belarus
  • Poland
  • Latvia

Wine Growing Conditions in Georgia

In general, we can see that the territorial, as well as climatic conditions in Georgia, are ideal for winemaking. It’s to be noted that extreme weathers are uncommon here.

The summers will be short-sleeved sunny and winters will be mild and frost-free.

There are some excellent sources of irrigation from natural springs and mountain streams. These water resources are supplying the vineyards of Georgia with mineral-rich water.

The moderate climatic conditions and the moist air from the Black Sea are providing the ideal conditions for vine cultivation.

The method of vine cultivation that is being followed in Georgia is called Maglari.

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Wine Producing Regions and Viniculture in Georgia

When it comes to viniculture, the major wine region in Georgia is found to be Kakheti. This single region is accounting for about 70% of country’s total grape production.

The Kakheti wine region is carrying two micro-regions, Telavi and Kvareli.

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Author

Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam

Winewriter

I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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