Italy is well recognized for cultivating different types of grape varieties and of them is the Alionza grape variety found in Emilia – Romagna region.
Alionza is an Italian, white grape variety grown in the north central part of the country used since the 14th century as a table and blending grape for producing wines.
This grape variety does not have a clear origin. It might be of Slavic origin of which it is called “Slave grape” referred to in the Bologna area.
Alionza was cultivated once together with other varieties and now acknowledged as an endangered variety since there are only 50 hectares throughout Italy where it is planted.
From Bologna and Modena provinces in Emilia – Romagna in north central Italy, Alionza was first recorded in the early 14th century by Pietro de Crescenzi.
Based from the DNA profiling done by Filippeti, Silvestoni, Thomas and Intrieri; this grape variety might be closely related to Trebbiano Toscana.
The name Uva Schiava is the synonym given to both Alionza and Schiava Grossa; since the two varieties were grown in the same horizontal wires.
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