The Arnsburger is a white grape variety believed to be originated in Germany and mostly used to produce base wines for inexpensive fizz.
Scientifically, it is a cross of two Riesling clones, clone 88 and clone 64; which has small plantations in Madeira and New Zealand.
Its name has the intention to reflect the winegrowing traditions of Cistercians, who discovered the Abbey of Arnsburg in north of Frankfurt.
Initially, Arnsburger was described as a “selfling” of two clones of Riesling developed by Heinrich Birk in 1939 at Geisenheim Research Centre in Rheingau.
In 1984, Arnsburger was included in the list of the official German grape varieties and has other hypothesis behind.
If it is a breed of two Riesling clones, Arnsburger achieved the highest level of consanguinity.
Recently, based from the DNA genetic analysis, Arnsburger is relatively to be a cross of Muller-Thurgau and Chasselas.
It was named after Arnsburg Abbey, the ruin of Cistercian abbey in Wetterau, who has an essential role in the history of German wine.
Characteristics of Arnsburger Wine
Arnsburger grape variety was developed in Germany for its high yields and high acidity which is fitted for creating base wines specifically for sparkling wine.
In Portugal, in the Madeira Island, there are 14 hectares planted with Arnsburger at present and used to make light but shallow unfortified dry white wines for the local market.
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