Facebook pixel

Persan grapes

Persan is a high quality grape variety produced only in handful amounts in and around the Savoie region of France.

The Persan is a very rare variety, notably because of its expensive yields and effort that are laid down.

Any high quality yields actually and ultimately release expensive, high quality wines that are sold throughout France, Europe and the world.

However, since these are costly grapes, their viticulture and growth processes become equally expensive for the winemaker and thus require much attention, skill and finesse than most other grape varieties that are grown and produced en-masse.

With only a small winemaking community being passionate for this grape, Persan in recent years has lost some of its favor due to several exogenous factors ranging from climate to odium and spring frosts.

Wine grape varieties

The grape, which we discuss below in detail, is also very susceptible to pests and climatic factors and grown only in selective topographies and temperatures.

The grape has few historical records so much is not known about its origin. However, some records from the 19th century do exist that could shed light on some of its origins.

Due to its confusing background, the grape has earned several synonyms – Cita, Berlo Citto, Etris, Guzelle, Moiran, Serinne Pointue, Aguzelle, Prinssens and many others.

Remember to read the Wine Tasting guide…


History of Persan

History of Persan is mired in legends and obscurity. Exact dates of its origin being unknown, its name gives an indication that it might have come from Iran through Cyprus; although this remains just a legend.

Another story tells us that it was Prince Louis of Savoy, who brought the grape from Cyprus when he was reigned as king in the 15th century.

Another theory states that Master of Wine Jancis Robinson puts is that the name Persan is a newer version of Princens that is the combination of Prin (prime in French) and cens (a due free).

Some records from the 17th century indicate a vineyard called Princens east of Grenoble that was highly regarded and popular.

The earliest modern record for these grapes go back to 1846, when a statistician named Albin Gras who was then secretary of the Statistical Society of Isere and a board member of a French agriculture society, noted some vine plantings on the river banks of Isere river.

To the left were the Persan grapes while on the right were the Etriaregrapes.

Throughout this time period, Persan saw changes in production and market conditions. Phyllorexa epidemic struck, and greatly reduced Persan’s numbers.

Although still found in the Sovoie region, the grape is yet to actually recover fully from the days of the plague when these were in higher production than they are now; and owing to present day market conditions where winemakers have started to prefer equivalent vine varieties if not better, over Persan’s cultivations probably because of the high amount of costs involved in producing this grape variety.

Sadly, in today’s era, not more than 22 acres of Persan plantations are reported to exist, according to a 2012 report.

Wines with Persan grapes

Viticulture and winemaking

The region of savoie lies at the foot of the Alps Mountains, so the climate is cold with intense sunlight.

As anybody could make out of this, the grape variety grows the best in breezy, mild to cold temperatures with an abundance of sunlit hillsides.

Irrigation is an important point, and the Persan grape requires a crazy amount of attention to maintain its ‘high quality yield’.

Part of why it’s so expensive can be drawn from the fact that the wine emits intense aromas with raspberry like fruity flavors.

Tannin content remains medium, so it’s not a very alcoholic grape; mostly used as a blending grape and add some ‘quality’ to otherwise bland wines.

Complementary foods

Persan are highly aromatic and fruity flavored with medium alcoholic content (that would add some bitterness to it).

A lot of it is used by chefs and cooks to produce wine gravies for several French and mild European dishes.

Its berry like flavor should go the best with sautéed mushrooms and light salads, combined with with things like risottos and rich breads.


Michael Bredahl

Michael Bredahl

Wine Writer

I have been online since it all began, with blogging and creating websites. Drinking wine, and writing about them, are one of my passions. Remember to drink responsibly 🙂

Are you a Copywriter?

We have a lot of articles without much content, if you can do it better, you are welcome to write a nice article, and get the proper credit for that. Read more information about beeing an author, and Contact us for more information.

Alcohol and Distilleries
Wine Grape Varieties
Wine Informations
Wine Merchants
Bar and Cocktail Equipment
Bottle Opener
Wine Accessories
Wine Opener
Alcohol Free
Brown Ale
Chinese Beer
Christmas Beer
Czech Beer
Danish Beer
English Beer
Finnish Beer
German Beer
Iceland Beer
Indian Pale Ale
Italian Beer
Japanese Beer
Mexican beer
Pale Ale
Seasonal Beer
Swedish Beer
Turkish Beer
Wheat Beer
White Ale
French Champagne
Cocktail Bitters
Cocktail Mixer
Cocktail Muscat
Cocktail Shakers
Fruit Juice
Mead and Tonic Wine
Soft Drinks
Spirits Mixer
Dessert Wine
Argentinian Dessert Wine
Australian Dessert Wine
Chile Dessert Wine
English Dessert Wine
French Dessert Wine
Fruit and Ginger Wine
German Dessert Wine
Hungarian Dessert Wine
Italian Dessert Wine
Madeira and Marsala
New Zealand Dessert WIne
Portugal Dessert Wine
South African Dessert Wine
Spanish Dessert Wine
Cognac and Brandy
Eau De Vie
Gin & Genever
Gran Marnier
Irish Liqueur
Irish Vodka
RTD'S (Ready to Drink)
Tequila & Mescal
Port Wine
Portuguese Port Wine
Portuguese White Port
Ruby Port Wine
Tawny Port Wine
Red Wine
American Red Wine
Argentina Red Wine
Australian Red Wine
Austrian Red Wine
Bulgarian Red Wine
Chile Red Wine
English Red Wine
French Red Wine
Georgia Red Wine
German Red Wine
Greek Red Wine
Hungarian Red Wine
Italian Red Wine
New Zealand Red Wine
Portuguese Red Wine
South African Red Wine
Spanish Red Wine
Uruguay Red Wine
Rosé Wine
American Rosé Wine
Australian Rosé Wine
Chile Rosé Wine
English Rosé Wine
French Rosé Wine
German Rosé Wine
Italian Rosé Wine
New Zealand Rosé Wine
Portuguese Rosé Wine
South African Rosé Wine
Spanish Rosé Wine
Sparkling Wine
American Sparkling Wine
Argentina Sparkling Wine
Cyprus Sparkling Wine
French Sparkling Wine
German Sparkling Wine
Italian Sparkling Wine
South African Sparkling Wine
Spanish Sparkling Wine
Walisisch Sparkling Wine
Blended Malt Whisky
Blended Whisky
Bourbon & USA Whiskey
Grain Whisky
Irish Whiskey
Other Whisky
Scotch Whisky
Single Malt Whisky
White Wine
American White Wine
Argentina White Wine
Australian White Wine
Austrian White Wine
Chile White Wine
English White Wine
French White Wine
Georgia White Wine
German White Wine
Greek White Wine
Hungarian White Wine
Italian White Wine
New Zealand White Wine
Slovakian White Wine
South African White Wine
Spanish White Wine
Chile Wine
English Wine
Exclusive Wines
Fine Wine
French Wine
German Wine
Italian Wine
New Zealand Wine
Port Sherry Madeira
Portugal Wine
Spanish Wine
Wine Gifts
Beer Gifts
Gift Packaging
Spirit Gifts
Wine & Champagne Gifts

Wine Tours

No ratings yet.

Give this page a High Five!

Save up to 20%

Get our newsletter with the promotional code, and save a lot of money!

You will now recieve our Newsletters, Thank You :-)

See all of Our Promotional Codes and benefits here

Online Shopping and World's Best Wines

Save up to 20%

Receive our newsletter and get the latest news, promotional codes and freebies

You will now recieve our Newsletters, Thank You :-)

See all of Our Promotional Codes and benefits here