Facebook pixel

Wines from Refosco grapes

by | Aug 26, 2016

The Refosco grape is an old dark skinned variety originating from Northern Italy and Venice.

The production of such critically acclaimed wines like the Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso and Refosco d’Istria, the grape is locally produced and consumed, but has found its way to become one of the popular Italian varieties outside Europe.


Refosco grapes

Historically, the grape is being thought of as a very ancient variety, although its exact origins and records are yet to be found out.

What is known, however, is its genetic relationship with other ancient varieties like the Marzemino, whose antiquity is already known.

Some theories point out to its relationship with Mondeuse Noir, a French variety of antiquity although oenologists doubt these claims.

Wine grape varieties

The Refosco grape is also a grape that produces Venetian wines, a category different from mainstream Italian wines.

Here, we discuss on some of the important facts about this grape- its origins, history, sub varieties and viticulture characteristics. Finally, we conclude by bringing in food pair up.

Remember to read the Wine Tasting guide…


Origins of Refosco

The Refosco grape’s origins remain unclear, although a lot of speculations on its ancient origins do exist.

Whatever has been found has been done through advanced DNA profiling that has been rather successful in finding out some of its history.

Several DNA analyses of the grape have been performing and linkages to the Marzemino grape have been established.

The Marzemino is rather an old Italian variety that is grown around the Trentino region. DNA analysis has shown a clear relationship between the two grapes, suggesting that Refosco has ancient roots and could have been formed by crossing Marzemino and another grape that is yet to be found out.

However, the grape’s exact origins could not be pinpointed since Marzemino’s remain foggy. There are some indications, though.

Pliny the Elder, the popular Roman writer, seems to have described the grape and its wine industry in his HistoriaNaturalis where he is often found to be describing a Puccinum variety that oenologists believe is the true Refosco.

If that holds truth, then the Refosco wine is a two millennia old beverage.

Refosco sub-varieties

The Refosco group of grapes includes several sub-varieties that are linearly related to the primary Refosco grape.

These include:

  • Refosco dal PeduncoloRosso, considered being the most popular sub-variety.
  • Refosco d’Istria, another popular variety.
  • Teran, a Slovenian variety that has been derived from Refosco.
  • Refosco di Rauscedo.
  • Refoscone.

These sub-varieties form what is known as the Refosco group of grapes. They share similar characteristics and produce fruity wines with notes of elegant spices.

The Refosco group is also a popular blending group, finding its way into a lot of popular blended wines.


Refosco wines are mostly acidic and dark coloured and possess flavours of raspberries, plums and notes of peppery spices, owing to its high tannin structure.

When blended, these can give fruitier flavours with lighter acids and milder colours when blended with lighter grapes while darker shades are gained when mixed with black grapes like Teroldego.


Refosco is a late ripening variety that is commonly found on both hillsides and level terrains.

Ripening takes place only after sufficient sunlight and and warmth has been received. The grape is not very resistant to infections and pests, although some kinds of rot are difficult to form especially during the rainy season.

This form as an advantage to vine growers has been found to form rot during autumn.

The Refosco grape naturally produces deep coloured wines that have very high tannin content and full bodied with flavours of plum and almond notes. Advancement in winemaking technology and blending, it has become possible for current winemakers to produce several blended wines from Refosco.

Oak fermentation and modified maceration too has made it possible for new flavours to come in.

For example, malolactic fermentation and new oak barrels allow the grape to age longer producing some unique wines.

Food pairing

Fruity Refosco tastes best with chilly, spicy dishes. Cheeses are also welcome as is the case with hot pastas and pizzas.

Pair it up with a Moussaka and you get a fruity-spicy mix. Grab some cheese to get the best of Refosco with a bitter milky product.


Michael Bredahl

Michael Bredahl

Wine Writer

I have been online since it all began, with blogging and creating websites. Drinking wine, and writing about them, are one of my passions. Remember to drink responsibly 🙂

Are you a Copywriter?

We have a lot of articles without much content, if you can do it better, you are welcome to write a nice article, and get the proper credit for that. Read more information about beeing an author, and Contact us for more information.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Wine Grape Varieties
Wine Informations
Wine Merchants
Bar and Cocktail Equipment
Bottle Opener
Wine Accessories
Wine Opener
Alcohol Free
Brown Ale
Chinese Beer
Christmas Beer
Czech Beer
Danish Beer
English Beer
Finnish Beer
German Beer
Iceland Beer
Indian Pale Ale
Italian Beer
Japanese Beer
Mexican beer
Pale Ale
Seasonal Beer
Swedish Beer
Turkish Beer
Wheat Beer
White Ale
French Champagne
Cocktail Bitters
Cocktail Mixer
Cocktail Muscat
Cocktail Shakers
Fruit Juice
Mead and Tonic Wine
Soft Drinks
Spirits Mixer
Dessert Wine
Argentinian Dessert Wine
Australian Dessert Wine
Chile Dessert Wine
English Dessert Wine
French Dessert Wine
Fruit and Ginger Wine
German Dessert Wine
Hungarian Dessert Wine
Italian Dessert Wine
Madeira and Marsala
New Zealand Dessert WIne
Portugal Dessert Wine
South African Dessert Wine
Spanish Dessert Wine
Cognac and Brandy
Eau De Vie
Gin & Genever
Gran Marnier
Irish Liqueur
Irish Vodka
RTD'S (Ready to Drink)
Tequila & Mescal
Port Wine
Portuguese Port Wine
Portuguese White Port
Ruby Port Wine
Tawny Port Wine
Red Wine
American Red Wine
Argentina Red Wine
Australian Red Wine
Austrian Red Wine
Bulgarian Red Wine
Chile Red Wine
English Red Wine
French Red Wine
Georgia Red Wine
German Red Wine
Greek Red Wine
Hungarian Red Wine
Italian Red Wine
New Zealand Red Wine
Portuguese Red Wine
South African Red Wine
Spanish Red Wine
Uruguay Red Wine
Rosé Wine
American Rosé Wine
Australian Rosé Wine
Chile Rosé Wine
English Rosé Wine
French Rosé Wine
German Rosé Wine
Italian Rosé Wine
New Zealand Rosé Wine
Portuguese Rosé Wine
South African Rosé Wine
Spanish Rosé Wine
Sparkling Wine
American Sparkling Wine
Argentina Sparkling Wine
Cyprus Sparkling Wine
French Sparkling Wine
German Sparkling Wine
Italian Sparkling Wine
South African Sparkling Wine
Spanish Sparkling Wine
Walisisch Sparkling Wine
Blended Malt Whisky
Blended Whisky
Bourbon & USA Whiskey
Grain Whisky
Irish Whiskey
Other Whisky
Scotch Whisky
Single Malt Whisky
White Wine
American White Wine
Argentina White Wine
Australian White Wine
Austrian White Wine
Chile White Wine
English White Wine
French White Wine
Georgia White Wine
German White Wine
Greek White Wine
Hungarian White Wine
Italian White Wine
New Zealand White Wine
Slovakian White Wine
South African White Wine
Spanish White Wine
Chile Wine
English Wine
Exclusive Wines
Fine Wine
French Wine
German Wine
Italian Wine
New Zealand Wine
Port Sherry Madeira
Portugal Wine
Spanish Wine
Wine Gifts
Beer Gifts
Gift Packaging
Spirit Gifts
Wine & Champagne Gifts

Wine Tours

5/5 (3)

Give this page a High Five!

Save up to 20%

Get our newsletter with the promotional code, and save a lot of money!

You will now recieve our Newsletters, Thank You :-)

See all of Our Promotional Codes and benefits here

Online Shopping and World's Best Wines

Save up to 20%

Receive our newsletter and get the latest news, promotional codes and freebies

You will now recieve our Newsletters, Thank You :-)

See all of Our Promotional Codes and benefits here