Refosk, also referred to as Refosko is considered as an ancient family of the dark-skinned grape varieties.
This variety of the red wine grape is considered as one of the oldest grape varieties that mainly hails from the region of Italy.
Since it is a very ancient variety of grape and today almost everyone is drooling over the new and popular red wine grape varieties, the recognition of this red wine grape variety is not up to the mark.
This grape variety remains a very little known grape variety. The traditional wines that are produced from this red wine grape variety could be very powerful as to its taste with a good level of tannins, almost high.
Because of the geographical spread, this red wine grape variety entertains a number of sub-varieties and as a result of this, it is known under a number of names.
According to some researchers, the wines prepared out of this red wine grape variety have been made for two millennia and was enjoyed in the Roman times under the guise of puccinum.
The wines produced out of this red wine grape variety are traditionally taken into use in order to make simple table wines.
However, a recent improvement in terms of the qualities of this red wine grape variety has led this grape variety to produce the fines that are finer and more age-worthy.
The greatest expressions of this red wine grape variety come mainly from the Colli Orientali DOC of Friuli.
The most known sub-variety produced out of this grape is called as Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso that translates to Refosco with red stalks.
These wines entertain an impressive level of fruit intensity that is further accompanied with a good level of minerality.
Also in this particular region, the DOC of Carso under which this red wine grape variety is considered as Teranno, used the variety Refosco dal Peduncolo Verde (Refosco of the green stalks).
This variety is also considered as Refosco d’Istria. Vines in this region are planted on the red soils and the producers use the typical semi-dried as well as harvested grapes in order to intensify all its flavors.
The same sub-variety is also grown and cultivated across the border in the Kras region of Slovenia. In this particular region, this grape variety is addressed as Refosk.
The wines produced in this region are provided with very long maceration period that sometimes extend up to two years.
It takes plenty of time in order to mature in the cask and it further produces a more opulent style of wine.
This grape variety is also known under a number of synonyms Terrano, Refosco dal Peduncolo Verde, Cagnina, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Refosco Nostrano, Teran, Cagnina, Sangue del Carso, Refosco d’Istria and many others.
This entire family of grapes entertains a very long history. However, all the details mentioned therein are not so clear.
According to a DNA analysis, this grape variety entertains a relationship with another grape variety called Marzemino, which is also considered as one of the oldest grape varieties of northern Italy.
Some of the wine experts have also laid down that Mondeuse Noire, that is primarily found in the region of Savoy in the eastern France is very much identical to this red wine grape variety.
However, the later DNA reports have confirmed that both these varieties are totally different from each-other.
The wines produced out of this red wine grape variety are mostly considered as very acidic in nature. These wines are considered as very dark wines that are densely colored with hues of violets.
They entertain a grassy aroma which is very soothing to the nose. There are flavors of dark peppery spices as well as plums that are present in the wines prepared out of them.
Also, the wines produced out of this grape variety exhibits a little astringent and an almond-skin finish on its palate.
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