Wines from Peloponnese
The Largest Winemaking Region of Greece
Peloponnese, which is a huge landmass located on the southern tip of Greece, is the largest winemaking region in the country, with almost 22,000 hectares under wine grape cultivation.
The Peloponnese wine region is found to be contributing over 1.6 million hectoliters of wine every year.
I would say that this is the most important viticulture region in the country from every aspect. With the winemaking history dating back to more than 4000 years, it’s no wonder that Peloponnese is important as a wine region in Greece.
Now, let’s see more about this region’s viticulture here…
History of Viticulture in Peloponnese
The first reference of the wines in Peloponnese was given by Homer, who called it full of vines.
The archaeological evidence suggests that wines were made here before four thousand years.
We can observe that the middle Ages were the golden times in the viticulture history of the Peloponnese during when the Monemvasia Port was operating as the trade centre of the sweet wines of Malvasia.
The downtime in the viticulture of Peloponnese started during the Ottoman Rule in the sixteenth century. The wines once again started to become an important industry in Peloponnese only after the World War II.
Thus, we can call this region as the meeting place of old wines and new winemaking methods.
Looking at Peloponnese Viticulture Zone
Topographically speaking, this is a peninsula, where the seas of Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean meet.
With a total surface area of about 8,300 square miles, the Peloponnese region covers two of the most highly acclaimed PDO wine regions of the country, which are namely, Nemea and Martinia.
We can see that several mountain ranges are traversing this region and this is here that the majority of the region viticulture activities are taking place.
It is quite easy to reach this region if we travel over the Corinth Canal. Once reached Peloponnese, we can see that there are seven mountains of altitudes two thousand meters and above.
We can see that the hotter days are being followed by colder nights during the growing seasons here. This climatic trend is found to be extending the ripening periods, thereby balancing the flavours and acidity levels in the wine grapes.
The experts say that the region’s diurnal temperature difference in Peloponnese is critical to the refreshing acidity in wine grapes, thus enhancing the quality of the wines produced here.
The soil types in Peloponnese are found to be very diverse with the major soil types being clay, limestone, sand, alluvial, and schist.
Wine Appellations in Peloponnese
At present, the Peloponnese region is known to be one of the most viticulturally productive regions in the country.
As such, the region has as many as seven PDO appellations and seventeen other regional appellations spread across the whole Peloponnese region.
The PDO appellations of Peloponnese are:
- Mavrodaphne of Patras
- Muscat of Patras
- Muscat of Rio Patras
We can observe that all these PDO appellations are being made exclusively from native grape varieties following a framework of strict laws.
Wine Grapes of Peloponnese
What we could observe about the wine grapes is that a wide range of native and international varieties are being covered by the appellations of Peloponnese.
The major ones among them are as follows:
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Black Corinth
- Muscat White
I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..
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