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Wines from Neszmely

A Small but Important Wine Region of Hungary

Neszmély, which was previously known as Ászár-Neszmély, is a small wine region in Hungary.

We need to accept the fact that this region does not appear on the map of prestigious wine regions in Hungary.

Yes, traditionally, Neszmély is not really well-regarded as Tokaj or Eger.

Yes, traditionally, Neszmély is not really well-regarded as Tokaj or Eger.

But, more recently, Neszmély has started to show up on the wine map of Hungary’s prestigious wine regions.

Wines
Vineyards
Wine grape varieties

The region is slowly gaining a reputation for producing an increasing number of top-quality wines.

Let’s see all about this wine region and its wines here …

History of Winemaking in Neszmély

The history of winemaking in Neszmély can be dated back to the medieval times.

Some historical evidence suggests that starting in the eighteenth century; a few aristocratic estates took the responsibility of preserving the reputation of wines here.

During the second half of the nineteenth century, a model vineyard and winery were created by the Esterhazy Estate in Csakvar.

The painstaking professional efforts carried out at this estate led the way for the official recognition of Neszmély as a wine region during the year 1897.

During the year 1959, Neszmély came under another wine region called Bársonyos-Császár as a sub- region.

However, the Ászár-Neszmély wine region has restored its original independent wine region status during the year 1977.

This was the result of the move that was launched to encourage the revival of neglected vineyards and to promote the quality wine production in the region.

Geography and Climate in Neszmély

Now, let’s try to understand the location of Neszmély here.

Geographically speaking, the Neszmély wine region is located on the right banks of the Danube in Komarom County.

Thus, this region is found to be occupying the southwestern flanks of the Range of Gerecse and its northern plateau.

Herein, it dips toward the river and the northern foothills of the mountains of the Vertes and the Bakony, wherein the hills are meeting the Kisalfold, the Little Plain.

In the travelers’ note, the Neszmély wine region is about 55 kilometres northwest of Budapest.

The region is found to be experiencing a tempered continental climate with some annual fluctuations of temperature.

As such, the Neszmély region is found to be characterized by a higher amount of humidity and an evenly distributed rainfall.

There are no temperature extremities observed anywhere in the country. All these factors are combined together and result in insolation here.

There will not be much spring frosts and even if they occur, they won’t be particularly severe.

Overall, the cool and damp climatic conditions are found to be more suitable for the production of white, delicate aromatic wines.

The bedrock in the region is made of Cretaceous and Eocene marls and shales that have evolved loess, as well as brown forest soils.

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Status of Viticulture in Neszmély

Overall, the viticultural sites in Ászár-Neszmély are adding up to 6,574 hectares. Of these, around 4,223 hectares are identified as Class I sites.

However, currently, there are only 1,485 hectares of fruit-bearing vines in the region.

When it comes to wine grapes, Olasz Rizling and Riesling were the leading varieties traditionally.

But today, the focus has been shifted towards the following grape varieties:

  • Chardonnay
  • Rizlingszilváni
  • Szürkebarát
  • Ezerjó
  • Cserszegi Fűszeres
  • Gruner Veltliner
  • Irsai Oliver
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Pinot Gris
  • Zold Veltelini
  • Muscat Ottonel
  • Kiralyleanyka

In general, it has been observed that aromatic white wine grapes with higher acidity levels are doing well here.

The light and crisp white wines that are produced from these grapes would taste the best when drunk young. The red varieties are found to be negligible even today.

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Author

Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam

Winewriter

I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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