Wines from Tokaj
While it’s a historical wine region, personally, I’d like to introduce it as the most popular and importantly, the most respected wine region in Hungary.
This region’s wines are so well acclaimed that the vineyards are mentioned in the country’s national anthem!
Now, it’s time for us to learn about this region and its wines here…
History and Rise of Tokaj Wine Region
There is no clear evidence of when the first wines were produced in this region.
However, some historical evidence suggests that the vineyards were established in the region during the twelfth century itself.
During the seventeenth century, the wines from this region became an important commodity of Tokaj’s exports.
In the eighteenth century, these wines reached the peak of its popularity with Russia and Poland as their major export wine markets.
While this was going on, the region’s wines saw a decline during the communist rule in Hungary.
However, from the 1990s, some significant investments were made to resurrect the wines in Tokaj through the event called as Tokaj Renaissance.
Now, the region has almost 600 wineries producing more than 50 types of wines.
In the year 1964, a dispute arose between Hungary and Czechoslovakia regarding the use of the name, Tokaj to the wines.
Although a temporary agreement was made to resolve the dispute, the problem came to an end only during the year 2004 when the agreement was signed between the countries.
As per the agreement, the wines produced from a particular region in Slovakia (about 5.65 square kilometres), can use the name, Tokaj.
Even after some lawsuits and appeals by Hungary, the name is being used by the winemakers of both Hungary and Slovakia according to the current EU legislation.
Climate and Soils of Tokaj Wine Region
Geographically, this ham-shaped region in the northeastern part of Hungary comprises 30 towns and villages.
The size of the region is roughly the same size as the world-famous Cote d’Or wine region of Burgundy and is measuring 40 kilometres from southwest to northeast.
The climate in the region is comparatively warm. The Tokaj region is protected by the large mountain ranges of Carpathians.
The soils of this region are diverse. While volcanic soils are found in the higher altitudes, the less layers are found in the low-lying areas.
The sedimentary rocks are found to be covering the bedrocks. The areas closer to the river Bodrog are found to be covered by the sandy soils.
Types of Tokaji Wines
The wines of Tokaji belong to one of the following types:
Other sweet wines
- Tokaji ice wine
Of these, the highly acclaimed wines are the nectar-like dessert wines, which are botrytized.
Wine Grapes in Tokaj
It has been found that the indigenous grape varieties of Tokaj have been cultivated here for centuries.
The most popular indigenous varieties of Tokaj are Furmint and Hárslevelü.
- Yellow Muscat
Of these, Furmint variety is accounting for almost 60% of the total production and is the most important variety in the making of Aszú wines.
Followed by this, Hárslevelü accounts for another 30% of the total production. At present, region’s total wine production is about 2,649,000 US gallons per year.
I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..
For many families, Christmas is the only time of year they get to spend together as a single unit.
This of all reasons, is why Christmas is still the major event on the calendar for many people. (more…)
New Year’s Eve is possibly the biggest party date on the yearly calendar for many people.
That time of year, when we kick the old year out, and look forward to starting afresh the next year. (more…)
So it’s your big day? You are tying the knot, making a long-term commitment to somebody you love. (more…)
On first thought, Easter might not seem like a time of the year to appreciate wine. But step back a moment and think about it. (more…)
The Best Wines to Drink on Valentine’s Day
Of all the special days each year when it is great to enjoy wine, Valentine’s Day is something a little different. (more…)
The health benefits of wine, red wine to be precise have been debated by researchers since quite some time. (more…)
It’s late October, the nights are drawing in, the air outside is cold.
And in the UK, when Halloween comes around, it means we have to go outside and freeze if we want to enjoy this fun night of the year. (more…)
With summer now upon us, it is time to find those cool, refreshing wines that make the perfect complement to a summer day. (more…)
When the summer arrives, our taste in wine naturally shifts to those that are more refreshing. This is especially true for those people who drink wine simply for the pleasure, not as an accompaniment to food. (more…)
Read also about other Wine Regions