The Wine type Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Tuscany’s Classic Red Wines
As wine experts rightly state, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano has undoubtedly helped the Tuscany region to retain the reputation on the global wine map. And, yes, this has got the DOCG designation too!
History of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
The first references of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano have been made as early as 789 by Emanuele Repetti.
These wines have also been referred in 1685 by the poet Francesco Redi, who praised the qualities of these wines.
The history suggests that these wines were called by the name Vino Rosso Scelto di Montepulciano until the year 1930 when Adamo Fanetti started referring them as Nobile.
During that period, these wines were produced in quantities of almost thirty tons. We can say that it was Fanetti, who first produced Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.
Since then, these wines continued to be celebrated by the people around the globe. For a short period of time in the nineteenth century, the red wines of Montepulciano were named as Chianti.
Thanks to the DOC regulation laws which helped the region to regain its stature in the 1960s. Subsequently, the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano was awarded the DOC title during the year 1966.
It was during the year 1980 that the DOCG title was authorized to the region. This was modified to get the current version during the year 1999.
Description of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG
As per the DOCG wine appellation laws, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano represents the red wines that are being produced in the vineyards that are located in and around the town of Montepulciano.
This is a hill town, which is located at about forty kilometres southeast of Siena in the southeastern part of Tuscany.
The DOCG law states that in order for the wines to be labelled as Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, they must be coming from the vineyards on the hill slopes of Montepulciano.
As such, these vineyards should have been planted at the altitudes of 250 to 600 meters above the sea level. We can see that these vineyards are located between the rivers of Ocria and Chiana.
Grapes used and Winemaking
Just like the other top-rated wines of Tuscany, the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano also uses the Sangiovese grapes as the key variety.
As per wine regulations, this variety should constitute at least 60 to 80% of the resulting wine, although some other grape varieties can complement this.
The other varieties that are permitted to use in these wines include Canaiolo (up to 10 to 20%) and Mammolo. The white grape varieties are no longer required for the production of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.
Hence, these are found to be more intense and long living. These DOCG wines must be aged for at least 24 months, which includes 12 months in oak barrels.
The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano thus produced will be maroon-red coloured and will take an orange tint with the passage of time.
These wines are found to be giving characteristic cherry and plum aromas along with strawberry and cherry flavours.
Personally, I found the gentle tannic tea-leaf finish adorable. These wines are more popular for their medium-bodied nature and acidic levels.
For these wines to be labelled as riserva, they must be subjected to aging for at least 36 months. The current production of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano goes up to 250,000 cases per year.
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