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The Wine type Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

Tuscany’s Classic Red Wines

The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is one of the world-famous Italian wine region Tuscany’s most famous wines, and is the classic red wines for us to taste and enjoy.

As wine experts rightly state, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano has undoubtedly helped the Tuscany region to retain the reputation on the global wine map. And, yes, this has got the DOCG designation too!

Wine grape varieties

History of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

The first references of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano have been made as early as 789 by Emanuele Repetti.

These wines have also been referred in 1685 by the poet Francesco Redi, who praised the qualities of these wines.

The history suggests that these wines were called by the name Vino Rosso Scelto di Montepulciano until the year 1930 when Adamo Fanetti started referring them as Nobile.

During that period, these wines were produced in quantities of almost thirty tons. We can say that it was Fanetti, who first produced Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

Since then, these wines continued to be celebrated by the people around the globe. For a short period of time in the nineteenth century, the red wines of Montepulciano were named as Chianti.

Thanks to the DOC regulation laws which helped the region to regain its stature in the 1960s. Subsequently, the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano was awarded the DOC title during the year 1966.

It was during the year 1980 that the DOCG title was authorized to the region. This was modified to get the current version during the year 1999.

Description of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG

As per the DOCG wine appellation laws, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano represents the red wines that are being produced in the vineyards that are located in and around the town of Montepulciano.

This is a hill town, which is located at about forty kilometres southeast of Siena in the southeastern part of Tuscany.

The DOCG law states that in order for the wines to be labelled as Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, they must be coming from the vineyards on the hill slopes of Montepulciano.

As such, these vineyards should have been planted at the altitudes of 250 to 600 meters above the sea level. We can see that these vineyards are located between the rivers of Ocria and Chiana.

Alcohol and Distilleries

Grapes used and Winemaking

Just like the other top-rated wines of Tuscany, the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano also uses the Sangiovese grapes as the key variety.

As per wine regulations, this variety should constitute at least 60 to 80% of the resulting wine, although some other grape varieties can complement this.

The other varieties that are permitted to use in these wines include Canaiolo (up to 10 to 20%) and Mammolo. The white grape varieties are no longer required for the production of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

Hence, these are found to be more intense and long living. These DOCG wines must be aged for at least 24 months, which includes 12 months in oak barrels.

The Vino Nobile di Montepulciano thus produced will be maroon-red coloured and will take an orange tint with the passage of time.

These wines are found to be giving characteristic cherry and plum aromas along with strawberry and cherry flavours.

Personally, I found the gentle tannic tea-leaf finish adorable. These wines are more popular for their medium-bodied nature and acidic levels.

For these wines to be labelled as riserva, they must be subjected to aging for at least 36 months. The current production of Vino Nobile di Montepulciano goes up to 250,000 cases per year.

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Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam


I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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Vineyards in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Tuscany

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