Portugal as a Wine Region
You know what? The wines from the Douro Valley of Portugal have got three of the first four ranks in the Wine Spectator’s 2014 top 100 ranking.
Not only this, several wine lovers from across the world are calling Portugal as the most beautiful wine region on the planet.
So, aren’t you excited to know about Portugal as a wine region? Well, continue reading to know about it…
Past and Present of Portugal’s Viticulture
The history of winemaking in Portugal can be dated back to more than 4000 years ago to the time of ancient Phoenicians.
After them, Romans worked much towards the expansion and promotion of viticulture in their settlement regions of Portugal.
During these times, wines were produced all over the country for local consumption and for export purposes. However, the world is discovering the wines from this region only after the revolutionary change that took place three decades ago.
This wine revolution that took place in the country has updated the winemaking technologies, as well as the styles and attitudes of wines that are produced.
As you may see, traditionally, the country was famous for its fortified wines and tart light wines. But today, the country is gaining popularity for its new range of table wines that are richer and riper. In specific, the country is becoming famous for its red wines from the Douro Valley.
Appellation System for Portuguese Wines
It has been found that the appellation system for Douro region of Portugal has been created about 200 years before that of France for the purpose of preserving the high-quality wines from the low-quality ones.
The current appellation system in the country has classified the wines as follows:
- Vinho de Qualidade Produzido em Região Demarcada labeled as ‘D.O.C’
- Indicação de Proveniência Regulamentada (IPR)
- Vinho Regional
- Vinho de Mesa
Of these, the D.O.C wines are securing the superior quality followed by the IPR wines. The term Vinho Regional represents the regional wines while the term Vinho de Mesa is representing the table wines.
Wine Styles of Portugal
Portugal is producing almost all wine styles like:
- Light-bodied whites
- Full-bodied whites
- Rosé wines
- Light-bodied reds
- Full-bodied reds
- Robust reds
- Elegant reds
- Pico and Biscoitos
Major Wine Regions of Portugal
The major wine regions of Portugal are as follows:
- Vinho Verde
- Porto and Douro
- Dão and Lafões
- Beira Interior
- Península de Setúbal
Each of these major wine regions is found to have its own sub-regions producing wines of various styles and attitudes.
Taylors – Velvet Falernum 70cl Bottle€15.34 Buy now
Taylors – Chip Dry White 75cl Bottle€15.93 Buy now
Taylors – 10 Year Old Tawny 75cl Bottle€23.32 Buy now
Henriques and Henriques – Medium Rich Single Harvest Madeira 1998 50cl Bottle€22.67 Buy now
Taylors – 20 Year Old Tawny 75cl Bottle€38.09 Buy now
Taylors – Quinta de Terra Feita 2001 75cl Bottle€26.72 Buy now
Taylors – 40 Year Old Tawny 75cl Bottle€119.88 Buy now
Taylors – LBV 2010 75cl Bottle€15.24 Buy now
Taylors – 30 Year Old Tawny 75cl Bottle€72.90 Buy now
Quinta da Touriga – Puro 2011 75cl Bottle€15.97 Buy now
The major white and red grape varieties that are used in Portuguese wines are:
- Antão Vaz
- Fernão Pires
- Fonte Cal
- Malvasia Fina
- Moscatel Graúdo
- Moscatel Galego Roxo
- Tinta Barroca
- Tinta Caiada
- Tinta Negra
- Tinto Cão
- Touriga Franca
- Touriga Nacional
I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..
Read also about other Wine Regions