Wines from Slovakia
Introducing the Popular Slovakian Wines
Slovakia, which is located on the eastern corner of the Western Europe, is boasting over 400 official wine producers at present.
Now, you might have understood that it’s not an unimportant wine region of Europe.
Although it’s very rare for us to hear about the Slovakian wines from the experts and travellers, I would say this region must also be included in your wine map if you are a true wine lover.
It’s more interesting to note that the region’s crispier and fresher rosé and white wines have won several awards in global wine competitions.
Therefore, it’s worth reading about these wines.
The History of Slovakian Wines
The history of vine cultivation and wine production in Slovakia can be dated back to the seventh century BC.
Roughly we can say that the wines were produced here almost 400 years before the invasion of the Roman Empire.
However, with the invasion of the Roman Empire, winemakers were motivated to produce more wines as they were seen as an important commodity for the Roman soldiers.
Subsequently, by the seventeenth century, the vineyards were seen planted all over the country and the wines were exported to all the European countries.
This flourishing wine industry of Slovakia saw a downtime with the infection of Phylloxera, which wiped out more than 90% vineyards in the country.
The condition of the Slovakian wine industry still got worsened with the enforcement of new rules of winemaking.
After this massive downfall, the wine industry started to restore slowly with the fall of communism during the year 1989.
Lately, the younger generation took the industry in their hands and started to build back the industry to the previous shape by implementing modern techniques and knowledge they acquired from the west.
Current Status of Slovakian Wine Industry
In Slovakia, there are around 15,000 hectares of land under vine cultivation at present and these vineyards are known to be producing almost 50,000 tons of wine grapes every year.
It has been observed that most of the grapes cultivated here are being used for producing quality wines with geographic or origin indications.
Overall, there are over 50 different varieties being cultivated and processed in the country to produce a wide range of wine styles.
Wine Regions of Slovakia
The winemaking in Slovakia is being carried out in the six main wine regions. They are:
This is located in the southwestern part of the country. Here, the vineyards are found to be planted on the slopes and plains of the Lesser Carpathian mountain range.
This, which is called as the Nitra wine region is considered to be the most miscellaneous wine region in Slovakia with a diverse range of grape varieties.
This is the central Slovakian wine region, which comprises of single vineyards between Hont and Gemer.
This is the eastern Slovakian wine region with its vineyards planted on the slopes of Vihorlat mountain range. Some vineyards can also found in the Eastern lowlands in the southern parts.
This, which represents the Southern Slovakian wine region, is located to the north of Danube River.This warmest part of Slovakia has its vineyards planted on the loess uplands.
This important wine region is found to be having its vineyards planted in the seven Tokaj municipalities.
Grape Varieties of Slovakia
The important grape varieties used in the production of Slovakian wines are:
- Muškát Žltý
- Pinot blanc
- St. Laurent
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Fetească albă
- Irsai Oliver
- Muscat Ottonel
- Pinot gris
- Pinot noir
- Muškát Moravský
I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..
Read also about other Wine Regions