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Ribera del Duero Wine Region

The Wine Legend of Spain

Ribera del Duero, which is located on the northern plateau of Spain, is one of the 11 quality wine regions of Castile and León.

And yes, it’s one of the most famous regions for wine production which is running along the course of the Duero River.

I would describe this as a truly legendary wine region of Spain as we can find some of the best red wines of the world here. And so, this could be the best destination for a wine tasting tour!

As a result of continuous efforts, the region could make the wines more and more balanced. You know what? This region is named as the Wine Region of the Year in the Wine Enthusiast Magazine in the year 2012.

Wine grape varieties

Now, wait no more to know about the vines and wines of Ribera del Duero. Just continue reading…

History and Current Status of Viticulture in Ribera del Duero

The region is known to have a long connection with the viticulture with its history dating back to the 12th century, when the Benedictine monks from the Burgundy region of France brought the wine plants here.

In spite of the long history of viticulture and winemaking in this region, it was awarded the DO appellation only during the year 1982.

At present, there are more than 250 wineries in the region spreading across some 20,000 hectares of vineyard area.

And, the wines that are being produced in the region are mostly red, although a white grape variety is also seen in the vineyards of Ribera del Duero.

Geography and Location of Ribera del Duero

The Ribera del Duero region is found to be placed on the northern plateau of the Iberian Peninsula at the heights of about 2800 feet above the sea level.

As I mentioned earlier, the region has been divided by the Duero River from which the vineyards are getting their irrigation.

When it comes to soil types, the region is full of tertiary sediments with the layers of silt or clay along with the alternating layers of limestone, marl, and chalk.

The inland location of the region along with the shadowing effects of the mountain ranges is creating the extreme types of climate here.

The region is found to be experiencing hot, dry summers and harsh winters with the higher daytime temperatures and cooler nights. These climatic conditions are responsible for adding the aromas and phenolic compounds in the vine plants.

Alcohol and Distilleries

Vines and Wines of Ribera del Duero

The vineyards of the region are found to be occupying almost 120 square kilometres of the region.

As I said, the region’s major concentration is the production of red wines and a vast majority of these red wines are being produced from the grape variety Tinto Fino.

This is the local name for the Tempranillo variety and is the dominant red grape variety in the northern parts of Spain. As per the DO regulations of Spain, the Tinto Fino grape variety should be at least 75% in the DO red wines produced here and can be blended with the following grape varieties:

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Malbec
  • Merlot

In addition, the varieties like Albillo or Garnacha can be added up to 5% in the DO wines. The Garnacha grape variety is mostly used for the production of rosé wines and is often blended with Bordeaux grape varieties in smaller quantities. It has been found that the Albillo is the only white grape variety being cultivated in the Ribera del Duero region and are being used for producing white wines for local consumption. It is to be noted that these wines are not qualified for the DO title.

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Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam


I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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