United Kingdom as a Wine Region
English Wines from the Young Winemakers
Wines from the United Kingdom, which are popularly called as English Wines or Welsh Wines, are produced more professionally by the young qualified winemakers of the United Kingdom.
Although these wines are ignorantly believed to be the worst wines by the British people, I would say they are among the world’s top-quality wines.
With more than 2,000 hectares of vineyards in the parts of the southern England and Wales, the UK is producing around 5.06 million bottles of wine every year.
Now, let’s see in detail about the English wine industry here…
Vineyards and Vine Cultivation in the United Kingdom
The history of winemaking in the UK can be dated back to the ancient Roman period who introduced the wine grapes to the people of Britain.
However, the modern wine industry in the UK can be dated only to the 1950s.
As I mentioned above, most of the vineyards of the United Kingdom are planted in the parts of southern England and Wales on the sheltered south-facing slopes. I would say the vineyards at these latitudes will not yield vines if they don’t receive the moderating effects from the Gulf Stream.
As such, we can find the majority of vine cultivation in the regions of Kent, Sussex and Surrey. Due to the cool climate of England, only the early-ripening grape varieties can thrive here and almost all the grape varieties cultivated here are found to be relying on added sugars in order to get the acceptable alcoholic levels in the wines produced.
Wine Labeling Laws in the United Kingdom
The topmost quality wines of the United Kingdom are found to be labeled as Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO).
This is followed by the category Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). Apart from these two categories, there are also some varietal wines and sparkling wines.
It is to be noted that the PDO and PGI wines are subjected to the full post-bottling analysis and are required to pass a tasting panel.
These are being controlled by the two organizations, which are namely, the UK Vineyards Association and the UK Government’s Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs.
G D Vajra – Langhe Nebbiolo 2010-13 75cl Bottle€23.51 Find merchant
Cazes – Muscat de Rivesaltes 2009 12x 37.5cl Half Bottles€105.24 Find merchant
Bruno Rocca – Barbaresco Rabaja 2009 6x 75cl Bottles€351.36 Find merchant
Martini – Prosecco 75cl Bottle€19.12 Find merchant
Bruno Rocca – Barbaresco 2009 6x 75cl Bottles€223.63 Find merchant
Deltetto – Langhe Favorita Servaj 2012 6x 75cl Bottles€62.82 Find merchant
G D Vajra – Langhe Rosso ‘PN Q497’ 2008 75cl Bottle€29.03 Find merchant
Domaine de Durban – Leydier et Fils, Muscat, Beaume de Venise 2013 75cl Bottle€19.94 Find merchant
Fontanafredda – Briccotondo Gavi 2013 75cl Bottle€17.70 Find merchant
Cazes – Muscat de Rivesaltes 2008 6x 75cl Bottles€123.05 Find merchant
Els Pyreneus – Muscat de Rivesaltes 2013 6x 50cl Bottles€54.79 Find merchant
Cascina Fontana – Langhe Nebbiolo 2009 75cl Bottle€23.20 Find merchant
G D Vajra – Langhe Bianco Rhein Riesling 2009-11 75cl Bottle€32.01 Find merchant
Hugel et Fils – Tradition Muscat 2012 75cl Bottle€17.07 Find merchant
Stella Bella – Pink Muscat 2014 37.5cl Bottle€13.73 Find merchant
Bruno Rocca – Barbaresco Maria Adelaide 2008 6x 75cl Bottles€616.93 Find merchant
Poderi Aldo Conterno – ‘Il Favot’ Langhe Nebbiolo 2009 75cl Bottle€53.21 Find merchant
Skillogalee – Liqueur Muscat NV 75cl Bottle€38.25 Find merchant
More from United Kingdom on page 2
Classification of the UK Wines by Location
Depending upon the geography, the UK wines are classified as follows:
English Wines: As the name suggests, these are the wines that are produced in England. Here, the soils are found to have limestone contents and are found to be suitable for growing the grapes for sparkling wines.
Currently, there are more than 450 vineyards in England.
Welsh Wines: These are the wines that are produced in the Wales and most of the Welsh wines are being produced in the South Wales part. There are just about 20 vineyards here, which are known to produce around 10,000 bottles of wine in a year. The wines that are being produced in this part of the UK are mostly whites, although few reds can also be found.
Scottish Wines: These are the wines from Scotland where the first commercial vines were planted during the year 2010. Here, lack of sunshine is found to be the major problem for vine cultivation.
British Wines: The term British wine can be used to describe any drink that is made in Britain by fermenting grapes. The most common type of British wine is the medium strength one which is more or less like our sherry.
Major Grape Varieties of the UK
Top Three Varieties:
- Pinot Noir
Other Major Varieties:
- Pinot Meunier
- Seyval Blanc
- Madeleine Angevine
I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..