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New York Wine Region

The Third Largest Wine Producer in the U.S

New York, which is not particularly known for its wines, is surprisingly the third-largest wine producing states in the United States in terms of the volume produced.

Followed by the states of California and Washington, New York’s wine industry is generating the largest economic benefits to the country.

With over 1,631 family vineyards and more than 400 wineries, the state is producing over 175,000,000 bottles of wine every year, thereby generating more than $4.8 billion in terms of economy.
Wine grape varieties
Now, let’s see all about the viticulture and viniculture in this important state of the U.S. here…

A Quick Look at the Winemaking History of New York

The history of winemaking in New York can be dated back to the 17th century, when the plantings of Dutch and Huguenot were made in the Hudson Valley.

However, it was only after a few centuries of experiments and researches, it was found that the Riesling is the most suited grape variety for this region.

It is to be noted that the first commercial production was not started in the state before the 19th century.

Looking at New York as a Viticultural Area

New York is located in the north-eastern part of the country and is placed between the giant Atlantic Ocean and the Canadian border.

As this region is experiencing cool and frost-prone climatic conditions, most of the vineyards are planted near the coast or next to the rivers and lakes.

This is because the vast thermal mass is making the large water bodies to decrease the severity of frosts here. We can say that without this effect, the vines would not have survived in this region.

When it comes to quality wines, the most significant water bodies are found to be the lakes in the north-western corner of the state.

Alcohol and Distilleries

Key Wine Regions of New York

Within the state of New York, there are five major American Viticultural Areas (AVAs). They are:

Long Island

This is the state’s newest wine region with its winemaking history only dating back to 40 years ago.

This region has almost 2,041 acres of vineyards and 66 bonded wineries which are producing almost 6,024 tons of wine grapes each year. This region has two sub-regions, which are namely, North Fork and The Hamptons. The specialties of this region are:

  • Merlot
  • Chardonnay
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Red Blends

The leading grape varieties here are:

  • Cabernet Franc
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Chardonnay
  • Gewürztraminer
  • Merlot
  • Riesling

Finger Lakes

This region is found to be having almost 9,393 acres of vineyards and 119 bonded wineries which are producing up to 54,600 tons of wine grapes every year.

The sub-regions of Finger Lakes are:

  • Keuka Lake
  • Seneca Lake
  • Cayuga Lake
  • Canandaigua Lake

The specialties of this region are:

  • Sparkling
  • Riesling
  • Pinot Noir
  • Ice Wine

And, the leading grape varieties are:

  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling
  • Pinot Noir
  • Cabernet Franc
  • French-American varietals
  • Native varietals

Hudson River

This region, with the sub-regions of Hudson River East and Hudson River West, has around 235 acres of vineyards and 49 bonded wineries.

The specialties of this region are:

  • Seyval
  • Chardonnay
  • Red Blends
  • Fruit Wines

The leading grape varieties here are White European and White French-American varieties.

Niagara Escarpment

With the sub-regions of the Niagara Escarpment and Greater Niagara area, this region is having around 883 acres of vineyards and 6 bonded vineyards.

This region’s specialties are juice and wine grapes and the leading grape varieties here are found to be the traditionally-native and French-American varietals.

Lake Erie

This region is the largest AVA of New York with almost 18,684 acres of vineyards and 17 bonded wineries. The specialties of this region are grape juice, Seyval, and Riesling. And, the leading grape varieties here are native and French-American varietals.

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Tharani Rajamanickam

Tharani Rajamanickam


I am Tharani, I have Bachelors degree in Biotechnology. I am passionate about the wine industry and continue to explore, learn and share and I bring in a wealth of knowledge and expertise to help you keep updated with best wines in the world. Stay tuned..

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